After the first battle of elalamein, egypt 150 miles west of cairo, ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive. Axis troops of the panzerarmee afrika generaloberst erwin rommel consisting of german and italian units fought the british eighth army general sir claude auchinleck, also. It marked the beginning of the end for the axis in north africa. Fight the very first tank battle between us and german forces in the sands of. The bulk of the british 8th army retreated past mersa matruh and field marshal erwin rommels afrika korps occupied sollum, haifaya pass and sidi barrani.
Supply lines were very long, and armored units had to be broken up so they did not have to make long drives. While one could be forgiven for wondering if yet another volume concerning the. Despite their preparations, the german panzers were again unable to break through. Rommel history channel series, part 1 the warrior full episode. The allies stopped the german advance and threw them back across the rhine with heavy losses. After the early stages of the battle of the caucasus and case blue failed to achieve its objective, resulting in the catastrophic battle of stalingrad. The german cemetery is an ossuary, built in the style of a medieval fortress. This crucial eastwest corridor became a vital defensive line held by. By the summer of 1942, the allies were in trouble throughout europe. As niall barr documents in pendulum of war, the whole story is a bit more complex. From the normandy landings through the end of the war in europe, had command of all u. The battle of gazala near the modern town of ayn al ghazalah. In the winter of 1944, germany staged a massive counterattack in belgium and luxembourg which pushed back the allies.
Axis forces were low on armored reserves and low on fuel. Battles of elalamein, 127 july 1942, 23 october11 november 1942, world war ii events. The defences stretch from the mediterranean coast to the qattara. Elalamein, coastal town in northwestern egypt, about 60 miles 100 km west of alexandria, that was the site of two major battles between british and axis forces in 1942 during world war ii. Elalamein is the seaward northern end of a 40milewide bottleneck that is flanked on the south by the impassable qattara depression. The battle of the last panzer the last panzer battalion. It is said to be that this battle was one of the most outstanding in determining an evident victor, because as montgomery came back to fight after being. Visitors can also go to the italian and german military cemeteries on tel eleisa hill outside the town. British forces in north africa were in chaos after tobruk fell to rommels forces in june 1942. The german army gained hundreds of additional soldiers. A group of german tank crew fight to survive in france while a french woman falls in love with the german lieutenant.
Small wonder that the army was indeed, as churchill described it, brave but baffled. Tanks would then pass through and defeat the german armour. No name is given to the period from 2931 october, when the. A series of british counterattacks also achieved little, and the battle ended as a stalemate. It was wrongly assumed that fallschirmjager german paratroopers had manned the defences and been responsible for the british reverse. With rommel at its heart, the book chronicles many details of german war. Most people have heard of the battle of alamein, but actually three major battles were fought sporadically over four months across the plains and ridges of that parched landscape. Study 14 terms a, battles of ww2 flashcards quizlet. Through jungle and desert memoir 44 days of wonder.
Then the german and italian forces were able to destroy most of the british tank. Ww2 battles, leaders, weapons, tanks, and aircraft. If you encounter problems opening our files, please try and download them. Another consequence of the battle was the changes it had on the 8th army, most specifically the change in commanders that was a result of the battle. It was fought between two of the best commanders in world war ii, montgomery for the allies and rommel for the axis between 23 october 4 november 1942. How slight and unimpressive are often the initial causes which lead to great changes in the course of events. Auchinleck had lost all credibility with churchill due to the loss of tobruk and galaza and what the prime minister perceived as a fondness for retreats. However, the british were hampered by poor strategy and communications. The italian troops that had preceded rommels german forces in north africa, only to be beaten back by the british, then saved. This article includes a list of related items that share the same name or similar names. The battle marked the end of germany s advancement. Battle between the allies and the germans along the french and germany border. The battle halted a second advance by the axis forces into egypt.
Operation agreement, a british landing at tobruk during the night of 14 september, to rescue allied prisoners, was a failure. The attack on russia operation barbarossa had pushed the russians back. Uboats were having a major effect on britain in the battle of the atlantic and western europe seemed to be fully in the control of the germans hence the war in the desert of north africa was pivotal. The battle was fought between the axis forces, led by general erwin rommel, and the allied forces, commanded by field marshal claude auchinleck. Late on 26 june, the german 90th light and 21st panzer divisions managed to find their way through the. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.
It was part of the western desert campaign of world war 2 was fought between the british eighth army led by general claude auchinleck and the axis forces consisting of german and italian units of panzerarmee afrika panzer army africa led by field marshal erwin rommel. Chronically lacking fuel due to overstretched supply lines and allied control of mediterranean sea, the only thing germans and italians. The battle lasted from 23 october to 5 november 1942. Although there was much fighting afterwards, in which many lives were lost, it proved an important step towards the final defeat of axis forces in north africa in may 1943. Allied advance became stalled along the german border. Get your kindle here, or download a free kindle reading app. Pursued by field marshal erwin rommel, the british constructed an elaborate array of defenses commencing attacks on july 1, axis forces. Rommel, short of fuel and against british air superiority, could not fight a mobile battle to balance montgomerys superiority in combat troops. With frederick stafford, george hilton, michael rennie, marco guglielmi. Len moore fought with the 2nd battalion kings royal rifle corps 2krrc across the deserts of north africa during ww2 from 1941 to 1943. After losing benghazi in january, the british held the germans in check until may.1599 380 1059 109 1412 1460 1592 178 666 691 36 566 1297 1516 864 733 244 690 408 850 1497 671 1235 88 696 223 935 1596 850 1004 202 631 905 493 253 1407 608